Student Loan Forgiveness Program

Student Loan Forgiveness Program | USA-2021

Find out more about Student Loan Forgiveness Program, including the types of loans that qualify and how to obtain this debt relief.

On Wednesday (Oct. 6, 21), the Biden administration said it would relax some conditions for Public Service Loan Forgiveness, allowing upwards of 550,000 government and charity borrowers to move closer to debt forgiveness.

The Education Department has announced a temporary adjustment that will last through October 2022 and would allow borrowers who’ve already worked in the public sector for ten years to be considered for debt forgiveness regardless of their kind of government loan or repayment plan. Payments made on previous loans will be included in the program.

According to the statement, this adjustment would affect 22,000 previously ineligible borrowers, resulting in the forgiveness of more than $1.7 billion in debts.

According to the Associated Press, previous restrictions only accepted candidates who had specified loans and payment plans, which resulted in the disqualification of more than 90% of applications.

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Education Secretary Miguel Cardona stated, “Borrowers whose commit a decade of their lives to public service should have been able to count on the promise of Public Service Loan Forgiveness.” “Until now, the government is failing to live up to expectations, but for many borrowers, which is about to change.”

According to the statement, the Department of Education would also examine previously refused applications and establish an appeals procedure to allow borrowers to have still their applications reviewed.

Thousands of teachers, social workers, military personnel, and many other public servants will indeed be closer to becoming debt-free due to this move.

“Despite additional effort on their part, these changes will help about 550K borrowers.” Those are significant milestones forward towards a better and more robust PSLF Program. These adjustments will be implemented in the next several months,” the Education Department said on Twitter.


What Is the Student Loan Forgiveness plan?

Student Loan Forgiveness Program | USA 2021


The term “student loan forgiveness” refers to eliminating the obligation to repay a federal student loan in part or its entirety. Students who utilize these revenues to finance their post-secondary education become eligible for student debt forgiveness. Different types of loans, including direct & Perkins loans, are qualified for forgiveness, as are debt forgiveness programs for public service and teaching loans. A person who wishes to have loans forgiven must apply and might even be required to make a transaction until their depth is granted.


● You are relieved of the requirement to repay a portion or all of your federal college loan debt if you qualify for student loan forgiveness.

● It is only available for direct government loans; private debts are not eligible.

● Working in public service or online payment on an income-contingent payment plan for something like a (long) period might get you student debt forgiveness.

● Federal debts may very well be discharged when circumstances further than the borrower’s control occur, such as with a handicap or the school’s closure.

● Students who believe their educational institution has deceived or misinformed them can file a debt forgiveness claim under the “borrower defense” category with the Department of Education.


Student Loan Forgiveness (How Does It Work?)

Student Loan Forgiveness Program | USA 2021

In the United States, a student loan has reached an all-time high rate. As per, student loan debt has surpassed $1.73 trillion, with the Federal Loan Portfolio totaling $1.56 trillion. According to reports, 43 million Americans owe an average of over $40,000 in debt. Borrowers may very well be eligible to have their loans forgiven or canceled in specific situations. Borrowers who receive student loan forgiveness are relieved of their responsibility to repay a portion of the whole of their federal student loan debt.

It may appear as though seeing that debt go is a dream come true. However, only a small percentage of individuals are qualified. The requirements vary depending upon the type of loan, but most only grant forgiveness to individuals who work in particular government-related jobs. Teachers, government service, military duty, and AmeriCorps are among them.

As previously mentioned, there are a variety of loan schemes that qualify for student loan forgiveness, including:

● Program for Direct Loans

● Program for Federal Family Education Loans

● Program for Perkins Loans

Owners of student loans can also take advantage of repayment programs, including the forgiveness of a portion of their debt. In some cases, a loan may be forgiven if the educational institution has defrauded the student somehow. Below, we go through this in further depth.

Lenders must distinguish between forgiveness and discharges. Borrowers are released from the need to repay their student loan debt if it is shown that the educational institution deceived the student somehow. Senators Chuck Schumer and Elizabeth Warren had already led a bipartisan group of lawmakers calling for the cancellation of approximately $50,000 per loan if required by executive order.

Congress might also loosen the borrower defense rules, even more, returning the others to Obama-era standards and passing legislation canceling student debt.

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Student Loan Policy Changes at the Federal Level

Student Loan Forgiveness Program | USA 2021

Some temporary modifications toward the regulations on student loan payments were incorporated in the CARES Act of 2020. The government legislation again allowed suspension of loan payments, the halting of collection efforts on defaulted loans, and the imposition of a 0% rate of interest on outstanding loan amounts. Those rules will be in force until January 31, 2022.

Suppose you fulfill the program’s other conditions during the period that your monthly loan payments are suspended. In that case, the suspended payments will contribute toward PSLF just after you’ve already continued to make them. 

Though you can continue to make loan payments if you choose, the Department of Education warns that this somehow may be detrimental. As per its official blog, “making payments during the time of stopped payments would not help you qualify for PSLF sooner.” “Because the postponed $0 payments count toward your minimum 120 PSLF payments, not completing additional payments increases the level forgiven.”

For the tax years 2021 through 2025, forgiven student debt will not be included in tax liability under the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021.


Student Loan Forgiveness: What Are the Different Types?

Student Loan Forgiveness Program | USA 2021


Service to the public Forgiveness of Debt

The Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program (PSLF) is for those who work in public service, whether for the government or a nonprofit organization. You might be able to get all or part of your debt forgiven if you do volunteer work, serve in the military, or practice medicine.

You should first make 120 eligible payments to have your debt forgiven underneath the public service program (which means paying the minimum amount due on time). Nursing, government, police, fire agencies, and social work are all possible candidates. All contributions received after October 1, 2007, are counted for earning potential. 

Student loan forgiveness is only available for direct federal loans (now known as the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program). This program excludes non-federal loans (those made by commercial lenders and lending firms). 

You can combine your loans into the direct consolidation loan when you have a William D. Ford Direct Loan. Instead, you just borrowed via the Federal Family Education Loan Program like the now Perkins Loan Program. The new combined debt would then be qualified for loan forgiveness through the federal government. Remember which only payments made upon that combined loan count towards the 120-payment minimum; payments made on the old loans are not considered.

With the changing political winds, the parameters for student loan forgiveness may alter. Regardless of previous improvements, Mark Kantrowitz, publisher and vice president of research at, advises debtors against banking their financial future on debt forgiveness, particularly related to public service. To starters, there is a strict time limit.

Both you and your employer must complete and submit the program’s employment certification form to qualify for PSLF.

Loan Forgiveness Repayment Plans

Student Loan Forgiveness Program | USA 2021

It could still be possible to get a portion of your student debt forgiven and if you’re not working in a public service role, but this will take longer. Income-driven repayment plans, which have been meant to assist graduates who might have difficulty making payments within the conventional 10-year payback period, also allow for some debt forgiveness after a set length of time. 

These plans include the following:

● Repayment based on Income (IBR). 

The maximum monthly contributions will range from 10% to 15% of discretionary income. After 20 or 25 years of service, you may be eligible for forgiveness.

● Repayment based on Earnings (ICR). 

Payments are adjusted each year depending on gross income, family size, and the existing federal student loan balance; they typically amount to 20% of discretionary income. After 25 years of qualified payments, you are eligible for forgiveness.

● Pay As You Earn (PAYE) and Revised Pay as You Earn (REPAYE)

These are two types of pay-as-you-earn systems (REPAYE). Monthly payments will be limited to 10% of discretionary income. After 20 years of qualified payments, you are eligible for forgiveness. The government may even pay a portion of something like the loan’s interest.

Furthermore, if you work for a federal agency, your employer may return up to $10,000 of your debts every year under the Federal student loan payback program, with a maximum of $60,000.

Your student loan servicer is in charge of repaying your federal student loans, so talk to them about starting a repayment plan or changing your present one. This is generally done through the servicer’s website.


Borrower Protection

Student Loan Forgiveness Program | USA 2021

You may be entitled to a loan discharge, also known as “borrower defense to debt repayment relief,” if your school deceived you or participated in other wrongdoing in violation of specific state laws.

Borrower defense, which applies to any William D. Ford Direct Loan Program loan, used to entail the cancellation of all existing federal college loan debt if you could show you were cheated or significantly mislead by the college you attended. Borrower protection was implemented under the Obama administration and applied mostly to private, for-profit institutions that participated in questionable practices.

The U.S. Department of Education, for example, guaranteed debt relief to students of the Corinthian Colleges network, which unexpectedly shuttered campuses and filed bankruptcy in the aftermath of federal and state probes into its operations in June 2015.

However, during the Trump administration, then-Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos attempted to tear down the program by delaying transaction processing, denying coverage without constitutional protections, increasing the burdens of proof, and then only offering partial forgiveness, trying to calculate relief using a complex methodology that awarded applicants $0.

The Department of Education stated in March 2021, under the Biden administration, it would withdraw “the mechanism for calculating partial debt relief” and instead erase school loans in borrower defense petitions entirely and immediately.

To get your debts canceled underneath the borrower defense program, you must claim damages on the Department of Education’s website, including proof that the institution violated the law, deceived you materially, or misrepresented itself.

Loan Forgiveness Programs with Specific Purposes

Student Loan Forgiveness Program | USA 2021

You may be qualified for other programs that erase or decrease your student debt if you work as well as volunteer for specified organizations. Some instances are as follows:

● Programs such as AmeriCorps VISTA, AmeriCorps NCCC, and AmeriCorps State and National: Through to the Segal AmeriCorps Education Reward, volunteers for these programs can obtain up to the maximum Pell Grant payment towards repaying qualifying student loans (federally supported loans). This equates to $6,495 for the school year 2021-2022.

● Army National Guard’s Federal Student Loan Program will help you expected to achieve $50,000 on your student loans. Federal Direct, Perkins, and Stafford Loans are among the loans that are covered.

● Teachers who work full-time at low-income institutions or tuition reimbursement agencies: After five years of operation, teachers may indeed be eligible for forgiveness of up to $5,000 or $17,500 on their Federal Direct & Stafford Loans under the Teacher Loan Forgiveness Program. Qualified math, science, and special education instructors will be paid more. More information is available on the Education Department’s website.

● Students who graduate from medical and nursing schools: Doctors and nurses who work in underserved areas may be eligible for debt forgiveness under some state programs.

Student Loan Forgiveness vs. Student Loan Discharge: What’s the Difference?

But even though the end effects are similar, student loan forgiveness differs from student loan discharge, which relieves the student of their duty to repay the amount immediately. A release may also entitle a borrower to a return of previously paid loan payments in specific instances.

In general, under some conditions beyond the borrower’s control, federal student debts may well be discharged. Most loans can indeed be forgiven in the following circumstances:

● the borrower’s permanent people with a physical or death

● During the study period, the school will be closed.

● the school’s approval of the loan requirements

● To finance the purchase, someone else’s identity was stolen.

● the unwillingness of the school to repay the lender for needed loans

Things like getting to drop out of university before graduating and then being unable to find work after graduation are not considered “circumstances beyond the borrower’s control.”

Any school using unlawful recruitment methods, such as promising the student a well-paid job after graduation, and perhaps other types of misbehavior as justification for a debt discharge are examples of such instances.

Student Loan Forgiveness and Repayment Plans Have Drawbacks

Student Loan Forgiveness Program | USA 2021

Repayment, depending on income, has some drawbacks. Because you’re repaying your debt over a prolonged period, you’ll end up with more money.” Borrowers who foresee a large rise in their income just several years into repayment might consider an extended payback or graduated payment arrangement, in which the monthly payment is approximately equivalent to the increased interest that accrues. therefore there would be no rise in the loan sum.”

“Keep in mind that payments are adjusted annually depending on salary. Reyna Gobel, author of CliffsNotes Graduation Debt: How to Manage Student Loans and Start Living Your Life, says that as your income rises, so will your payment.

Even if you succeed in lowering your monthly payments, she advises against going on a spending binge with the extra cash. “If you’re accruing debt because you expect those plans to materialize in the future, STOP! If the laws are changed in the future, you haven’t even know what will be available to graduates. “Could I afford the payments something on a regular Extended Repayment Plan?” ask yourself. If you don’t, you could find yourself in a lot of debt and a bad situation.”

Forgiveness plans aren’t perfect either. Job opportunities that may qualify you for student loan forgiveness pay significantly less than private-sector employment. Even if you don’t qualify for debt forgiveness, you might be able to repay your loans more quickly if you’ve had a career with higher earning potential.

If all or part of your student loan debt is forgiven, be aware that perhaps the IRS may consider the forgiven debt to be income, and you’d be required to pay tax on it. Fortunately, this will not be the case for the next several years: Student debt forgiveness obtained between 2021 and 2025 is not included in taxable income under Section 9675 of something like the American Rescue Plan of 2021. 10

If you are dedicated to participating in the loan forgiveness program, make sure you get on paper confirmation of the price that will also be forgiven or lying under the conditions.  

It is estimated that 72,000 applicants will benefit from the Administration of Education’s changes to the borrower defense program to receive $1 billion in discharged loan funds.


Important to Note: 

For the tax years 2021 through 2025, forgiven student debt will not be included in tax liability under the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021.


If you’re a student struggling with debt from your education, the government has options for relief. The U.S. Department of Education offers several opportunities to help those burdened by their loans find some breathing room and get back on track financially as they start in life or begin a new career path after graduation. 

Whether it’s through public service loan forgiveness, teacher loan forgiveness programs, or income-driven repayment plans that consider how much money you make each year, there are different ways to have your federal student loans forgiven if you qualify.



Anish is post graduate in commerce & management. He is a qualified Chartered Accountant & Information System Auditor with experience of more than 20 years in the field of management, accounting & taxation. He is visiting the faculty of various universities and providing career advice to aspirants Anish Agrawal has authored many books on Accountancy & Taxation.

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